The word periodontal means “around the tooth”. Periodontal disease attacks the gums and the bone that support the teeth. Plaque is a sticky film of food debris, bacteria, and saliva. If plaque is not removed, it turns into calculus (tartar). When plaque and calculus are not removed, they begin to destroy the gums and bone. Periodontal disease is characterized by red, swollen, and bleeding gums.
Gum grafting procedures help restore your smile and protect your teeth from gum recession (retraction of the gums away from the tooth). During the procedure, a thin strip of tissue is removed from the roof of your mouth and stitched to the gum tissue, surrounding the exposed root. A gum graft aims to re-contour the gum line and improve the aesthetic appearance of the smile.